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The objective of the Enhancing Coastal And Ocean Resource Efficiency Project is to strengthen integrated coastal zone management in selected States and Union Territories. Some of the negative impacts and mitigation measures include: clearing and grubbing to be done only on the required surface and just before the start of next activity on that section. In case of time gap, water should be sprinkled regularly till the start of next activity; tree felling permission shall be obtained from forest department and local body under applicable Acts; compensatory plantation shall plan to be undertaken at prescribed rates; all underground and overhead utilities are to be shifted as per utility shifting plan, prior permission is to be obtained from regional offices of concerned departments like Electricity, Telecommunications, Water works etc. Relocated utilities shall be suitably placed considering the probable impacts due to climate change; top soil from borrow area, debris disposal sites, construction site to be protected and covered for soil erosion; debris due to excavation of foundation, dismantling of existing cross drainage structure will be removed from the water course immediately; construction vehicles should operate within the Corridor of Impact avoiding damage to soil and vegetation; and diversions, access roads used will be redeveloped by contractor, to the satisfaction of the owner and villagers.
The Technical Assistance Facility (TAF) was designed in response to the need of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA) for specialized knowledge and assistance to the Ministry of Finance (MoF). The project provided a flexible technical assistance facility for the MoF’s Macro Fiscal Performance Directorate (MFPD) and Policy Department, primarily targeting key macro-fiscal policy management and budget planning elements of the MoF’s Fiscal Performance Improvement Plan (FPIP). The project was originally designed for a five-year implementation period with an allocation of US$5 million. However, following 18 months of implementation, the TAF was brought to an early closure through a restructuring in January 2019. At the time of closure, the TAF had disbursed US$1.25 million (25 percent) of its US$5 million Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF)-financed allocation.
This brief provides policy recommendations to reduce air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions in Bhutan’s transport sector. Increasing air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles has become a major concern in Bhutan, where vehicle ownership is growing by 15% per year. This brief discusses five policy interventions to reduce vehicle emissions: • importation of low-sulfur fuels,• update of vehicle emission standards,• upgrade of the vehicle emission inspection system,• restriction of diesel cars and light-duty vehicles, and• promotion of low-carbon vehicles.
The Punjab Public Management Reform Program (PPMRP) aimed to improve transparency and resource management of targeted departments of the Province of Punjab in Pakistan. The Program-for-Results (PforR) operation was completed in 5 years (November 2013 to December 2018) at a cost of $50 million. The PforR was prepared under uncertainty in a complex environment. It was the first Governance PforR in Pakistan and worldwide, prepared in times of increased volatility of fiscal, macro-economic and security conditions, following a period of strong economic growth in the early 2000s. Punjab faced significant service delivery challenges in a context of limited fiscal space and capacities. Critical constraints to service delivery were (i) limited accountability due to limited transparency and access to information for citizens and decision-makers about available services and service delivery performance; and (ii) limited resource management related to low provincial own-source revenues and challenges in public procurement.
This edition analyses how trade can contribute to economic diversification and empowerment, with a focus on eliminating extreme poverty, particularly through the effective participation of women and youth. It shows how aid for trade can contribute to that objective by addressing supply-side capacity and trade-related infrastructure constraints, including for micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises notably in rural areas. The analysis is based on the views of 133 respondents – 88 developing countries, 35 donors, 5 providers of South-South trade-related support and 5 regional organisations – who participated in the 2019 aid-for-trade monitoring and evaluation exercise. They share the view that economic diversification is a gateway for economic empowerment, but also that empowerment is essential for economic diversification particularly when it enables youth, women and micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises to engage in international trade.
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