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Governments of Assam intend to upgrade the existing Inland water transport system in state. To modernize and transform IWT in Assam, the World Bank is assisting the GoA through a phase-wise project which includes up gradation of ferry Infrastructure, last mile connectivity. Fleet modernization, institutional capacity development etc. for total 11 identified Terminal/ Jetty / Landing point locations. However, in phase-I, three ghats/ landing points have been selected.The projectincludes civil works along with new construction activity; for which it has been categorized as Environment Category-A according to World Bank classifications. Project development / civil intervention works during development may have interface with various physical, social and biological components of the environment, i.e. water quality, aquatic and terrestrial flora & fauna, air quality, noise levels etc. at all project development stages. All these environmental components will get affected due to development and operation of the terminals and a detailed environment and social impact assessment has been carriedout toassess all the potential impacts of the project. Further the impacts of development can be due to its location or due to the nature of activities to be performed during its development and operation phase thus both these aspects should be looked into while carrying out EIA study. As thecomplete lists of project activities and locations havenot been finalized, a framework approach has been adopted. Under this approach, the present Environmental ManagementFramework (EMF) has been prepared to identify all the potential but generic negative environmental and social impacts, propose mitigation measures, provide basic screening criteria for selecting subprojects, implementation and provide institutional arrangements, grievance redressal mechanismsand monitoring, reporting and documentation measures for environmental and social safeguards compliance. The EMFcovers all physical works activities as well as feasibility and other studies to be carried out under the project.
The objective of the Enhancing Coastal And Ocean Resource Efficiency Project is to strengthen integrated coastal zone management in selected States and Union Territories. Some of the negative impacts and mitigation measures include: clearing and grubbing to be done only on the required surface and just before the start of next activity on that section. In case of time gap, water should be sprinkled regularly till the start of next activity; tree felling permission shall be obtained from forest department and local body under applicable Acts; compensatory plantation shall plan to be undertaken at prescribed rates; all underground and overhead utilities are to be shifted as per utility shifting plan, prior permission is to be obtained from regional offices of concerned departments like Electricity, Telecommunications, Water works etc. Relocated utilities shall be suitably placed considering the probable impacts due to climate change; top soil from borrow area, debris disposal sites, construction site to be protected and covered for soil erosion; debris due to excavation of foundation, dismantling of existing cross drainage structure will be removed from the water course immediately; construction vehicles should operate within the Corridor of Impact avoiding damage to soil and vegetation; and diversions, access roads used will be redeveloped by contractor, to the satisfaction of the owner and villagers.
The Technical Assistance Facility (TAF) was designed in response to the need of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA) for specialized knowledge and assistance to the Ministry of Finance (MoF). The project provided a flexible technical assistance facility for the MoF’s Macro Fiscal Performance Directorate (MFPD) and Policy Department, primarily targeting key macro-fiscal policy management and budget planning elements of the MoF’s Fiscal Performance Improvement Plan (FPIP). The project was originally designed for a five-year implementation period with an allocation of US$5 million. However, following 18 months of implementation, the TAF was brought to an early closure through a restructuring in January 2019. At the time of closure, the TAF had disbursed US$1.25 million (25 percent) of its US$5 million Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF)-financed allocation.
This brief provides policy recommendations to reduce air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions in Bhutan’s transport sector. Increasing air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles has become a major concern in Bhutan, where vehicle ownership is growing by 15% per year. This brief discusses five policy interventions to reduce vehicle emissions: • importation of low-sulfur fuels,• update of vehicle emission standards,• upgrade of the vehicle emission inspection system,• restriction of diesel cars and light-duty vehicles, and• promotion of low-carbon vehicles.
The Punjab Public Management Reform Program (PPMRP) aimed to improve transparency and resource management of targeted departments of the Province of Punjab in Pakistan. The Program-for-Results (PforR) operation was completed in 5 years (November 2013 to December 2018) at a cost of $50 million. The PforR was prepared under uncertainty in a complex environment. It was the first Governance PforR in Pakistan and worldwide, prepared in times of increased volatility of fiscal, macro-economic and security conditions, following a period of strong economic growth in the early 2000s. Punjab faced significant service delivery challenges in a context of limited fiscal space and capacities. Critical constraints to service delivery were (i) limited accountability due to limited transparency and access to information for citizens and decision-makers about available services and service delivery performance; and (ii) limited resource management related to low provincial own-source revenues and challenges in public procurement.
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