Are Women Less Productive Farmers? : How Markets and Risk Affect Fertilizer Use, Productivity, and Measured Gender Effects in Uganda
아프리카ㆍ 중동 일반 국외연구자료 기타 Larson, Donald F ; Savastano, Sara ; Murray, Siobhan ; Palacios-Lopez, Amparo World Bank 발간일 : 2015-04-01 등록일 : 2015-05-06 원문링크
African governments and international development groups see boosting productivity on smallholder farms as key to reducing rural poverty and safeguarding the food security of farming and non-farming households. Prompting smallholder farmers to use more fertilizer has been a key tactic. Closing the productivity gap between male and female farmers has been another avenue toward achieving the same goal. The results in this paper suggest the two are related. Fertilizer use and maize yields among smallholder farmers in Uganda are increased by improved access to markets and extension services, and reduced by ex ante risk-mitigating production decisions. Standard ordinary least squares regression results indicate that gender matters as well; however, the measured productivity gap between male and female farmers disappears when gender is included in a list of determinants meant to capture the indirect effects of market and extension access.