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[경제] Understanding the Skills Needs of Migrant Workers from Nepal

네팔 국외연구자료 연구보고서 - World Bank 발간일 : 2021-01-01 등록일 : 2021-05-16 원문링크

Migration abroad is an important source of work and income for Nepali workers. In a study of current and returnee Nepali migrants (outside India), we find that migrants, who are largely male, in their mid to late twenties and with relatively low levels of education, express the need for and are willing to bear the cost of occupation-specific skills training. The average earnings of migrants in the sample with training were considerably higher compared to those without training. Migrants were mainly engaged in low- and semi-skilled occupations in the destination countries (outside India), such as laborer, construction worker, security guard, driver, and the skills needed for these occupations were acquired informally. Few migrants had undergone any formal skills training prior to their migration episodes. The areas in which training was desired were semi-skilled occupations (driver, electrician, cook, computer operator, and so on), and the modal duration of desired duration of training was three months, followed by six months. The findings from this study suggest that there is an unmet need for occupation-specific skills training for migrants. This need has become more urgent for those who have returned to their home country with the restrictions on employment abroad imposed by the pandemic.

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