This paper is part of the World Bank’s efforts to measure and monitor results for its Development Policy Operation to strengthen India’s social protection architecture. It presents a stock-taking of India’s social safety net response to COVID-19 (coronavirus). The analysis aims to identify how government efforts to provide relief to poor and vulnerable households have fared between April and August 2020. The paper provides stylized facts on coverage and targeting of welfare measures under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) for individual states and at the national level. This analysis relies on a nationally representative household survey on social protection, conducted in partnership with the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). The current analysis focus on two important parameters: (i) coverage (what percentage of the population received benefits from the scheme) and (ii) targeting (whether the scheme benefitted the poorest and vulnerable households). Additional analysis on the modes of the social protection delivery mechanisms and benefit delivery standards is likely to be available by next quarter in 2021.