Ratings for the Mining Sector Technical Assistance (TA) Project for Cameroon were as follows: outcome was unsatisfactory, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and monitoring and evaluation (M and E) quality was modest. Some lessons learned included: many TA projects experience problems during implementation due to counterparts not being implementation ready. In a country like Cameroon, marked by political instability, a lack of capacity and poor governance, the delay in the development of a strategy to transfer project developed assets to an appropriate structure for their effective and efficient management in the future, can potentially derail the sustainability of project achievements. The project will have benefited from a built-in mechanism and process to handle fundamental issues affecting its outcomes. One of the main lessons learned is that in highly politicized and complex sectors such as mining, there is a need for a well-defined and realistic project development objective. One of the important lessons COVID-19 has taught us is the need to operate differently by being more adaptive, flexible, and innovative to better manage turbulence and uncertainty.