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연구정보

[정책] Corruption as a Push and Pull Factor of Migration Flows : Evidence from European Countries

중동부유럽 일반 국외연구자료 연구보고서 - World Bank 발간일 : 2023-09-13 등록일 : 2023-09-17 원문링크

Conclusive evidence on the relationship between corruption and migration has remained scant in the literature to date. Using data from 2008 to 2018 on bilateral migration flows across European Union and European Free Trade Association countries and four measures of corruption, this paper shows that corruption acts as both a push factor and a pull factor for migration patterns. Based on a gravity model, a one-unit increase in the corruption level in the origin country is associated with a 11 percent increase in out-migration. The same one-unit increase in the destination country is associated with a 10 percent decline in in-migration.

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