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[교육] Instrumenting the Effect of Terrorism on Education in Kenya

케냐 국외연구자료 연구보고서 - IZA 발간일 : 2023-10-10 등록일 : 2023-11-03 원문링크

This paper estimates the effect of exposure to terrorist violence on education. Since terrorists may choose targets endogenously, we construct a set of novel instruments. To that end, we leverage exogenous variation from a local terrorist group's revenues and its affiliation with al-Qaeda. Across several Kenyan datasets we find that attacks suppress school enrolment more than predicted by difference-in-differences-type estimators. This indicates that terrorists target areas experiencing unobserved, positive shocks. Evidence suggests fears and concerns as mechanisms of impact, rather than educational supply.

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